I’m currently a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Political Science at Vanderbilt University.

I study the political economy of conflict, with a focus on criminal violence by organized crime groups (OCGs). My research examines the relationship between profits and criminal violence in the illicit market, and how they shape the political arrangement between a state and OCGs.

In my dissertation, I develop a formal model that illuminates the logic of the state’s response toward the criminal group. I document the theoretical predictions using a case study of Asian organized crime groups. I also empirically test the predictions in the context of Canada.

I received an M.A. in Political Science from Vanderbilt University in 2019 and a B.A. in Political Science and Economics from Sogang University, South Korea, in 2017.